Prenatal Vitamins – Why They Are Necessary During Pregnancy

For a healthy pregnancy, it is always a wise idea to eat a balanced diet. Besides being healthy, as a mother, you must make sure the baby grows well in the womb. There are of course various nutrients a mother and the baby requires for both of them to maintain their good statuses throughout the expectancy period.

Throughout this period, consuming prenatal vitamins is highly recommended. Consuming these supplements is critically important since they contain other essential nutrients that you may not find in your diet. Precisely, these supplements are loaded with vitamins and other essential minerals such as iodine, folic acid, iron, and calcium.

Folic Acid, iodine, calcium, and iron

Each of these vitamins and minerals plays a critical role in the body of the mother and the baby.

Folic Acid

Folic acid helps to reduce brain and spinal cord complications by preventing neural tube birth disorders. This condition is common during the 4th week (28 days) following conception. At this time, most women are oblivious of their pregnancy statuses.

As almost half of these pregnancies occur accidentally, it is good for those who find themselves pregnant to ingest folic acid (400 mcg) daily. This should begin before conception and maintained throughout the initial 12 weeks of expectancy.

However, it is recommended that any woman who has experienced neural tube disorder in their babies before to seek advice from their healthcare provider before taking folic acid supplements. This is important especially when it comes to the right dosages. According to studies, a high dosage of folic acid a month earlier and throughout the first term has immense benefits to these mothers. However, you need to discuss it with your practitioner first.

Folic acid can be obtained by eating foods such as nuts, green vegetables, citrus fruits, and beans among others. While consuming these foods is essential, backing them up with a supplement containing the correct amounts of the nutrients is highly recommended.


On the other hand, calcium plays an equally significant role in pregnant women. Bone density loss is widespread during this period. Hence, consuming calcium will save the mother as the baby will have adequate calcium for its bone development.


When it comes to a healthy thyroid function, iodine is fundamentally crucial. Low levels of iodine at this time may lead to stunted growth, deafness, and severe mental conditions. Some stillbirths and miscarriages occur due to low levels of iodine in the mother’s body.

Iron is needed to ensure proper oxygen circulation in both the mother’s and baby’s blood.

Some of the essential ingredients of these vitamin supplements include:

• 400 (mcg) of folic acid.

• 70 mg vitamin C

• 10 mg vitamin E

• 400 IU vitamin D

• 2 mg riboflavin

• 150 mcg of iodine

• Six mcg of vitamin B12

• Between 200 and 300 mg calcium

• 17 mg of iron

• 3 mg of thiamine

• 15 mg of zinc

• 20 mg of niacin

Important: In certain instances, you may need to seek advice from your doctor for the right dosage.