What Happened to Patrick Willis – After Making a Murderer Update

Judge Patrick Willis presiding over Steven Avery's murder trial

In looking at suspicious elements of Steven Avery’s trial, Netflix’s Making a Murderer focuses a lot on the behavior of the prosecution and its witnesses. One overlooked person is the presiding Judge, Patrick Willis. With his preliminary hearing rulings, he set the tone for the entire trial, and may have helped prevent the defense from presenting a cohesive rhetoric.

When Teresa Halbach disappeared in rural Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, police immediately suspected Steven Avery, whose family owned a salvage yard in the northern part of the county. Recently having filed suit against the county for his previous false imprisonment, Avery was questioned by police the same day she was reported missing.

After physical evidence was found in Avery’s trailer, he was arrested. The charges were brought against him by Calumet County, who had taken over the investigation to avoid potential issues due to the ongoing civil suit against Manitowoc County.

While Manitowoc County was supposed to have minimal involvement in the case, several deputies, including Andrew Colborn and James Lenk, helped find crucial evidence. The whole trial, despite being held in Calumet County, was presided over by Judge Patrick Willis.


Preliminary Hearings

Before going further into Patrick Willis’ questionable actions during Avery’s trial, it might be good to draw attention to his life outside that case. Born in Manitowoc in 1950, Willis attended the law school at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Admitted to the state bar in 1975, he became the City Attorney for Manitowoc, the seat of Manitowoc County in 1977. During his tenure, he did a lot of things which people still think of positively. He helped revive a boat-building industry, and conducted mock trials to help area children learn about the justice system. He also helped bring a car ferry back to Manitowoc, connecting the town with Ludington, Michigan. Appointed by the governor to an interim term in 1997, Patrick Willis was elected by a large margin the following year. To show appreciation for his service as City Attorney, Judge Willis was given a key to the city. Try to remember these honors while his conduct during Avery’s trial is covered.

For every trial in which the defendant pleads not guilty, the court has a preliminary hearing. This hearing is to establish concrete details about the case, some context, and to handle any possible settlement. Because of this, the preliminary hearing has a large effect on the rest of the proceedings. In Avery’s preliminary hearing, a lot of important things were established.  One of the first rulings was to dismiss two of the charges against Avery, first-degree sexual assault and kidnapping.

Making a Murderer brings a lot of attention to a vial of blood found by Avery’s defense team. Found in an unsealed container, the vial of blood may have been tampered with, and lends a lot of credence to the defense that Steven Avery was being framed. However, Judge Willis does not allow the blood to be tested to see if it had been tampered with, because it would delay the trial.

Also done in the interest of a quick trial, Judge Willis makes perhaps his most contentious preliminary statement.

While the defense is permitted to argue that Steven Avery was framed, they are not permitted to introduce third party liability. What this means is that while his defense could claim Steven was set-up, they couldn’t say anything about who they thought might have done it. They couldn’t introduce evidence, call witnesses, or ask questions that would be seen as implicating any third party in Halbach’s murder, they could only argue that someone was a third party.

This meant that all through the trial, the defense had to stop short of actually saying, “We think James Lenk planted this evidence,” they could only go as far as to say, “This evidence only showed up in the room after James Lenk was left alone unsupervised in an area which had been previously searched eight times.”

A lot of people are asking why or even how Judge Willis would be allowed to limit the defense in such a clearly important way. In the preliminary ruling, Willis stated:

“Avery offered no physical or other evidence connecting any of the individuals to the crime, other than their presence in the general vicinity. One can only imagine how much longer this six-week trial would have lasted had the court granted [Avery’s] request to introduce third-party liability evidence implicating the ten individuals named in [Avery’s] Statement on Third Party Responsibility.”

In essence, this is saying that if Avery were allowed to test and implicate each of the ten possible suspects his defense found, the trial would take too long. Decisions along this line had been precedented in Wisconsin by The State v Denny, answering how Judge Willis was able to use that reasoning.

This would be brought into question during the first of Avery’s appeals post-conviction, but for the trial, the ruling stood, and can be seen repeatedly to have limited the defense’s ability to provide a cohesive argument.

Sentencing & Appeals

During the trial, Judge Willis presided without much incident. While there may be some interest in his seemingly arbitrary support of objections, what has drawn the most focus are the statements he made during his sentencing.

“One of the things that strikes me the most is that as you’ve grown older, your crimes have increased in severity,” Willis said to Steven Avery, continuing, “Given the trend of your crimes, society has a legitimate right to be concerned that there is a serious risk you would re-offend and commit serious offenses if you’re ever permitted to be released from prison.”

Judge Willis sentences Steven Avery to life in prison
Judge Willis sentences Steven Avery to life in prison

What makes this comment so interesting is that prior to the murder he had been found guilty of, Avery had not been known to have committed any crime since well before he was accused of assault in 1985. The last known crime, prior to Halbach’s murder, that Avery had been known to commit, was in 1982, more than 20 years prior to this murder.

What about that timeline made Judge Willis perceive an escalation of crimes? Running someone off the road twenty years ago hardly suggests a clear path to brutally raping and murdering a woman twenty years later. These statements have largely been inferred to demonstrate that Judge Willis, in an abandonment of his judicial duty, neglected to disregard the tinge cast on Avery by his false conviction. If that’s the case, maybe Avery would have seen a lighter sentence, a sentence not influenced in ways it shouldn’t have been, had Judge Willis been able to truly disregard his knowledge of that case beyond its effect on Avery.

When Avery appealed his sentence, it was Judge Willis who heard the appeal. Many online are questioning this, but it representative of normal judicial process, and the confusion comes from coverage not being clear on its legalese.

While a judge hears the post-trial post-conviction appellate motion, if approved the appeal itself would be heard in the relevant appellate court. Because Judge Willis is most familiar with the case, it would make sense to let him hear the arguments and decide if they are reasonable or not. However, if there is corruption or malice on the part of the judicial, this self-regulation could fail, and may be the reason why Steven Avery was not given an appeal.

Patrick Willis Now in 2017

In 2012, Judge Willis retired, at the age of 62. While he will likely be most known for presiding over the largest homicide trial to occur in Wisconsin to date, he did have a career beyond that, one which from every appearance was beneficial to the population of Manitowoc County at large. This is brought up not to excuse any possible malfeasance, but to explain his possible motivation for acting so definitively against a perceived threat to his community.


  • Madderton

    Seems like a real scum bag.

    • MELS

      And that would be an understatement.

  • Mario

    So many wrongs in this court! So many corrupt people! Stay as far away as you can! Economically the town will fail with this bad publicity.

  • Danielle Kekoa

    BREAKING NEWS: Steven Avery murder case a ‘Shadow Government’ operation—by Timothy Charles Holmseth | *NEW EVIDENCE SUGGESTS STEVEN AVERY & BRENDAN DASSEY WERE FRAMED!
    Google Steven Avery murder case a shadow government operation being investigated by the FBI

    • Linda

      I hope that all, starting with his cousin Morris or something , the police, DA’s, judges, O’Malley, his horrible, horrible defense lawyer and the Attorney General should all be charged and made to spend time in jail or prison in solitary confinement!

  • Jeffrey Stephens

    Corrupt as any Judge I’ve ever seen! Travesty. He should be dis-barred.

  • Jeffrey Stephens

    That whole County disgusts me. The Police, The Ivestigators, The Judge. I thought we lived in America. Thank God I don’t live in that County with those Police, Prosecutors, Judges.

    • Dirk Disco

      You do live with them, you just don’t know it yet.

  • Mari

    How about his ruling in the preliminary hearung to qllow the FBI to test the blood, when it had been discontinued for over 10 years and not found reliable?

    • Chris Pelham

      Thought the same thing, defense cannot test the blood(Judges ruling) but the prosecution can using junk science? It took 2 months to revive a dead program and the defense had one day to prepare.

  • Alan

    That an judge can preside over a trial and then the appeal is a clear conflict of interest and would never be allowed in my country. Shows how broken the US justice system is – you’re basically asking the judge to overturn/criticise his/her own decisions.

  • Kyle

    He is arrogant, uneducated, Wisconsin trash and deserves all the backlash he receives. Really, he deserves to rot in prison. Unfortunately, that will never happen.

    • Camille

      I agree with all but uneducated .. That’s obviously a ridiculous statement. He should pay for his neglect to do what he is supposed to do. It’s disgusting to say the least

  • Knight Rider

    What a piece of shit along with every person in that county that was apart of this. Playing God over obvious mentally challenged people while these PIGS get away with murder. Stay up there you cheese eating fucks. Those cops along with this piece of shit judge should be the ones in prison.

  • Kemael Ben Israel

    Judge Willis needs to be sent to the gas chamber for his incompetence in handling the Avery case. The people of Wisconsin awe to be ashamed of Judge Willis.

  • john

    I don’t have a good feeling about this judge right from the first episode. The way he was ruling is really one-sided.

  • katts

    I hope he lives to understand loss and suffers through it.

  • William Kramer II

    If you read this “Judge” Patrick Willis you are a serious piece of shit! A disgrace to the humanity. May you ROT in hell!

  • 911meltedconcrete

    Thanks in large part to this judge, the entire state of Wisconsin now looks like a banana republic. Corrupt cops. Kangaroo courts. And we all thought this only happened in Mexico.

  • Camille

    I would retire. That was disgusting. That judge and all of the people covering this up should go on trial. I don’t agree with who Avery most likely is as a human being but what he was charged for and what and how law enforcement handled this was beyond wrong. I hope that they pay for what they obviously did
    I can’t be the only one that was beyond shocked at this.

  • Wayne

    After watching the entire “Making of a Murderer” series, I think the entire case STINKS of corruption, greed, ignorance and abuse of power. In fact, from judge willis (deliberate use of lower case lettering, because this so-called judge deserves NO respect)…judge willis should have lost his credentials and been thrown in jail, himself, for not adhering to the oath he pledge, when going into law and later taking the position of Judge. (Makes you wonder if this “judge” even had the aptitude to even be a judge? I don’t care how “book smart” a person might be, but if he/she lacks common-sense & problem-solving skills, he/she should NEVER be appointed Judge. Then again, makes you question all those who allowed THIS individual (judge willis) to become Judge.)

    And the fact that Steven Avery & his nephew are still in jail, and those in position of power who abused this power (&/or lack the intellect & or integrity to know/do better), is a grave embarrassment to the state of Wisconsin, as well as to our country.

  • Scott Kuechenmeister

    Wisconsin, the new Mississippi…

  • matt

    It was obvious from the get go this judge was on the side of the State. This person residing as what’s supposed to be a fair judge should be ashamed of himself.

  • Barbara

    What I learned today: Wisconsin Department of Justice is an utter joke.

  • Lonely Salad

    This guy is a FUCKING MORON. Absolutely FUCKING STUPID. How someone as fucking stupid as this idiot can be a judge I have no fucking idea, but he really is a fucking stupid human being.

    Just fucking absolutely stupid, the shit he said at Steven Avery’s sentencing was fucking mind boggling, was this guy on fucking drugs the whole time? What a fucking dim witted fucking piece of fucking shit. FUCK HIM.

    FUCK ALL THE CUNTS IN MAKING A MURDERER. WILLIS, WIEGERT, FASSBENDER, KRATZ, KOCOUREK, COLBOURN, FUCK ALL OF THESE FUCKHEADS.

  • Jan-Eric Nyman

    This judge is in conspiracy with the rest of the pack that has put 2 innocent people behind bars and destroyed the life of their families.

  • Shadoefax

    Whos the bastard that was doing the back room thug tactics?

  • Chris Pelham

    He was bias because if Avery won he would have bankrupted your shitty, corrupt little town. But good news, it won’t be 36 million now, it’s going to be 100 million and the money should start coming out of this corrupt judges pocket first.

  • teflondog

    Judge Willis clearly did not care about the truth. I don’t really understand why the defense was not permitted to introduce third party liability. WTF is that?

  • Sharon Tloczynski

    He should be ashamed of him self corruption

  • Sharon Tloczynski

    Sickening….. And to think my son wants to be a police officer..these people should be ashamed of what they did to these two men…and a child at the time….I only hope they find the true killer…

  • Eric

    That judge looked familiar! He was in the O.J audience! I knew that is where he got his piece of shit law degree! What a fu&^ing piece of Sh*T of a loser!!